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5.3.9 Prevent Guidance

RELEVANT INFORMATION

Educate Against Hate Website

AMENDMENT

This chapter was extensively updated in October 2020.


Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Prevent
  3. Safeguarding
  4. Channel
  5. Process for Young People in Hertfordshire
  6. Consent Prior to Information Sharing


1. Introduction

  1. This guidance refers to the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015 (the CT&S Act), which sets out the duty on local authorities and partners of local panels to provide support for people vulnerable to being drawn into terrorism. In England and Wales this duty is the Channel programme;
  2. This guidance is specifically aimed at members and partners involved in the local Channel Panel and process. The Channel Police Practitioner and the Hertfordshire Local Authority Chair are key participants in the Channel process; developing a strong working relationship between partners is vital to the success of Channel.


2. Prevent

What is Prevent?

The Prevent Strategy, published by the Government in 2011 and refreshed in 2018, is part of our overall Counter-Terrorism Strategy, CONTEST. The aim of the Prevent Strategy is to reduce the threat to the UK from terrorism by stopping people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism.

The 2018 Prevent Strategy has three specific strategic objectives:

  • Tackle the causes of radicalisation and respond to the ideological challenges of terrorism;
  • Safeguard and support those most at risk of radicalisation through early intervention, identifying them and offering support;
  • Enable those who have already engaged in terrorism to disengage and rehabilitate.

“Safeguarding vulnerable people from radicalization is no different from safeguarding them from other forms of harm” – The Prevent Strategy.

What is the different between extremism and terrorism?

Extremism: The vocal or active opposition to our fundamental values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs. We also include in our definition of extremism calls for the death of members of our armed forces.

Terrorism: The use or threat of action, both in and outside of the UK, designed to influence any international government organisation or to intimidate the public. It must also be for the purpose of advancing a political, religious, racial or ideological cause.

The Prevent Duty is concerned with all forms of terrorism and extremism. It also includes some forms of and non violent extremism:

  • Far right and extreme far right groups;
  • Religious extremist groups;
  • Environmental and animal rights extremism;
  • Unclear Ideology (School Massacre, InCel).


3. Safeguarding

What is the Prevent Duty?

From the 1st July 2015, under section 26 of the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015, the Prevent Duty requires that, in the exercise of their functions, specified authorities have “due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”.

This places a duty on:

  • Schools;
  • Registered Childcare Providers;
  • Local Authorities; and
  • Other specified institutions to prevent people being drawn into terrorism and extremism.

The Prevent duty sits alongside Working Together to Safeguard Children and Keeping Children Safe in Education statutory guidance.

Local authorities have a statutory duty to safeguard children, young people and adults. The Children Act 2004 places duties on a range of organisations and individuals to ensure their functions (including any that are contracted out) to have regard to the need to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.

Working Together to Safeguard Children is relevant; this sets out the legislative requirements and expectations in individual services to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. Local authorities are required to have Local Safeguarding Children Partnerships (HSCP) and Safeguarding Adults Boards (HSAB) in their area, which provide strategic leadership.

It is essential that Channel panel members, partners to the local panel and other professionals ensure that children, young people and adults are protected from harm. Whilst the Channel provisions are aimed at preventing terrorism, the way in which Channel is delivered may often overlap with the implementation of the wider safeguarding duty, especially where vulnerabilities have been identified that require intervention from social care, or where the individual is already known to Children’s Services.

It is imperative that Channel referrals are considered by the local authority and panel members and partners alongside their work to safeguard vulnerable individuals. Key links should be established with social care and other panel partners to ensure that an individual receives the most appropriate support available.


4. Channel

Channel is a programme which focuses on providing support at an early stage to young people and adults who are identified as being vulnerable to being drawn into terrorism. The programme uses a multi-agency approach to protect vulnerable people by:

  1. Identifying individuals at risk;
  2. Assessing the nature and extent of that risk; and
  3. Developing the most appropriate support plan for the individuals concerned.

Channel may be appropriate for anyone who is vulnerable to being drawn into any form of terrorism. Channel is about ensuring that vulnerable children and adults of any faith, ethnicity or background receive support before their vulnerabilities are exploited by those that would want them to embrace terrorism, and before they become involved in criminal terrorist related activity.

Success of the programme is very much dependent on the co-operation and co-ordinated activity of partners. It works best when the individuals and their families fully engage with the programme and are supported in a consistent manner.


5. Process for Young People in Hertfordshire

What do I do if I have a Prevent concern?

If a person, child or adult is at immediate risk, report this to the Police through 999 and follow the school’s child protection procedure where appropriate.

NOTICE - Are you worried that a child is at risk of extremist behaviour or radicalisation?

  • Observe concern, listen to disclosure;
  • Record concern on organisations safeguarding recording form;
  • Talk with Prevent Designated Safeguarding Person in line with localised process.

CHECK - Speak with the child / young person to get a better understanding of what they are saying.

Are there any reasons for the change in behaviour?

If appropriate check with parent unless it could put the child / young person at further risk of harm:

SHARE - If Practitioner still has concerns, make referral:

  • Complete Prevent Referral and send to Hertfordshire Prevent at prevent@herts.pnn.police.uk;
  • Remember: consent is NOT needed when making Prevent referrals;
  • Consent will be sort if concern is adopted by the Channel Panel;
  • Update your organization's recording systems.

Click to view:


6. Consent Prior to Information Sharing

The default for panel partners when determining what information can be shared should be to consider seeking the consent of the individual (or their parent/guardian). In some circumstances, consent from the individual will not be sought at this early stage. This will be dependent on the circumstances of the case but may relate to issues such as the health of the individual, law enforcement or protection of the public. Where consent cannot be sought, information sharing may take place if any of the exemptions to the various legislative provisions restricting information sharing applies, and it will be made explicit in the record of the case by a panel partner which exemption or gateway is being relied upon.

Prevent Information and Training

CONTEST 2018

Prevent Duty – Advice for Schools and Childcare Providers

Lets Talk About It

Educate Against Hate

Home Office Prevent E-Learning

Home Office Channel E-Learning

Home Office Prevent Referral E-Learning

London Grid For Learning – Preventing Radicalisation in Schools

Education and Training Foundation – Prevent for Further Education and Training

Quick contacts

HCC Prevent Programme Manager: sophie.lawrence@hertfordshire.gov.uk | 07773094897

Hertfordshire Prevent: prevent@herts.pnn.police.uk | 01438 735373

LADO: LADO.Referrals@hertfordshire.gov.uk

CPSLO: CPSLOadmin@hertfordshire.gov.uk

Anti-Terrorist Hotline (anonymous): 0800 789 321.

End